Have you ever wondered why you have MS?
Well I have and I’ve done a lot of research, so I’ll put it in my own words.
The damage in MS is caused by the body attacking itself. But doctors haven’t yet solved the puzzle of why this process begins. Autoimmune attacks in MS are specifically directed in the central nervous system. You know the brain, spinal cord, optical nerve. MS damages the myelin sheath and sometimes the nerve cells themselves, leading to our awful symptoms such as vision problems, spasticity, and muscle weakness.
MS does not appear to be directly inherited from parents in any clear genetic pattern. But, people with a parent or sibling who has MS do have a higher risk for developing the disease. An average person’s risk for developing MS is 0.1 %. If one parent has MS, their child has a risk between 2% and 5% of developing MS. In identical twins, if one has between 20% and 31% chance of developing the condition.
Women are twice as likely as men to develop MS. In the U.S., 75% of those with an autoimmune disease are women. Women’s immune systems are believed to be more effective than men’s, giving women greater protection from infections, but making them more vulnerable to autoimmune disorders.
Ethnicity may influence MS predisposition. It was long believed that MS was more common among people of European descent than other ethnicities. Newer research shows MS occurring at similar rates across most other ethnicities but indicates that people of different races may experience MS symptoms differently. Members of a few ethnic populations, including Inuit, Aboriginal, Australians, and the Maori people pf New Zealand, Virtually never develop MS.